This paper reports the policy-responses of different Philippine higher education institutions (HEIs) to the novel coronavirus, COVD-19 pandemic. Regional Distribution of Enrollment in Formal K to 12, Public and Private for School Year 2019-2020 First, there is the issue of social integration and peer culture, and the possibility of transmission of values in a “virtual” classroom. However, there can be no possible firm and uniform plans for formal schooling where technology accessibility is concerned. I was given a school assignment to find a Philippine-based research or study on disruption. Massive open online courses as open educational resources in a blended teaching and learning mode of instructional delivery in higher education. (2008). Pasig, PH: Rappler. Poor performances in national tests were linked to undernutrition and inadequate teaching.According to the World Bank, the Philippines spent P6,670 (US$138) per student per year in 2009, well below Thailand (P41,234/US$853) and Singapore (P87,012/US$1,800). As long as the education sector is engaged, teachers and students have ample support, the curriculum and content of the learning modules are well-defined and personalized, technological limitations are acknowledged, and user-friendly and enjoyable materials are present, education will continue one way or another (Ramos et al., 2007; Ali, 2020). A quarterly term ends after two and a half months. Vietnam’s Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) hosted a national online conference with 300 live meeting hubs to find ways to improve online learning before launching its educational program (Nguyen and Pham, 2020). January 20, 2021 DM 001, s. 2021 – 2021 International Day of Education; December 21, 2020 DM 082, s. 2020 – Guidelines on the Registration of Teachers and School Leaders for NEAP-Recognized Professional Development Programs and … HEIs May Hold Limited Face-to-face Classes in MGCQ Areas. Instead, it “focuses on the design and delivery of programs, courses, and learning interventions that address the learners’ unique needs in terms of pace, place, process, and products of learning” (Parrocha, 2020). (The so-called referral to a second wave spawned some debates in the higher echelons of our government). Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam have initiated some form of distance learning as early as May 2020. Quezon City, PH: University of the Philippines - Diliman. As the Philippines ventures into a new mode of learning, several factors need to be considered. Online learning amid the COVID-19 pandemic: students perspectives. Such support presupposes a collaboration between teachers and policy makers and authorities to develop the relevant referenced programs as well. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. Alejandrino, P. (2020). What Happens To Education Amidst The COVID-19 Pandemic (Essay) Quezon City, PH: CHED. Available online at: (accessed October 6, 2020). The Philippines is not the only country facing these problems. Public administration education in the Philippines 1951-2020: History, challenges, and prospects. Publicly available data and news reports were used to gauge the general public’s reaction to these policies and how the Philippines’ responses fare with its Southeast Asian neighbors. One may claim that the main thrust of distance education is to bring education to those who are unreachable, under-resourced, less-privileged and inaccessible (Biana, 2013). At the time of quarantines and viral outbreaks, it would seem that online learning is the only viable way to continue learning at a distance. Manila, PH: University of Santo Tomas. MANILA, 25 November 2020. COVID-19 Updates - Advisory 6. 4, 135–163. (2003). On top of these concerns, however, there are deep socio-economic concerns for online learning in a developing country like the Philippines. It replaces an earlier version by Nick Clark. Pol. 5. ERLCP recommends enacting flexible learning options that are learner-centered and are made available in various modes of delivery such as face-to-face instruction, remote learning, and blended learning (University of the Philippines - College of Education, 2020). Though the reactions are mixed, in general, there seems to be a positive response to online learning in Indonesia (Yamin, 2020). Arguably, the HEIs’ pivot to modified forms of online learning attempts to concretize the government’s stance to continue learning despite the pandemic. Mixed Response But Online Classes To Stay Post COVID-19. The Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia are on the same economic and socio-cultural boat and are now facing the same COVID-19 challenges in education. 127-149. pandemic through the lens of education in the Philippines - the new educational norm. Thammasat University partnered with Skilllane to launch a degree program on data science. Available online at: (accessed October 6, 2020). Online and remote learning in higher education institutes: a necessity in light of COVID-19 Pandemic. Enabling a Digital Future for Vietnam. Blended learning is not wholly new. As of 7 May 2020, the total number of COVID-19 cases reported in the Philippines by the Department of Health (DOH) was 10,343 with 685 deaths and 1,680 recovered. (2013). Seventeen television channels were set up to broadcast educational courses, vocational education, non-formal and informal education (Praphornkul, 2020). Educators in turn need to innovate to ensure that education remains inclusive and accessible, and that distance learning is not limited to pure online learning. For example, through an online petition based on student and faculty sentiments, student governments from different universities urged CHEd to mandate the cancellation of online classes, stating that “while we understand the need for learning to continue, the different circumstances of students across universities are not ideal and conducive for such.” The petitioners argue that “access to the internet connection and learning devices continued to be a privilege up to this day, placing those with poor internet access at a disadvantage when it comes to online classes.” [For a better picture, 45% of Filipino citizens (46 million) and 74% (34,500) of public schools do not have access to the internet (Jones, 2019)]. Along with government officials, international aid agencies, education and humanitarian experts, policymakers, teachers and learners, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Department of Education (DepEd) launched the 2020 Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report on 25 November 2020 virtually. The coronavirus pandemic is shaking up the country’s education system. Distance Learning System to be Tested On May 18. The reason for doing so was that the Philippines had a need to be a globally competitive country. Ped. Perhaps, some teachers might go back to basics and distribute annotated physical textbooks to their students through courier services. Formal education typically spans 14 years and is structured in a 6+4+4 system: 6 years of primary school education, 4 years of secondary school education, and 4 years of higher education, leading to a bachelor’s degree. 76, 567–605. Bangkok Post (2020b). Training in using teaching and learning platforms will be available for both teachers and students. I spent the first month of summer working on several small side-projects in the education and future of work space in the Philippines. The Philippines is a unique country. Students in far-flung areas in the country do not even have roads or electricity, let alone access to computers and the internet. Improving Internet Access in the Philippines. As of the recent hearing of the Senate Committee on Basic Education, Arts and Culture, 10 million learners—or 36 percent of potential enrollees—have signed up for the school year 2020-2021. Public administration education in the Philippines 1951-2020: History, challenges, and prospects. (2020). Learning in the new normal. 1 in 10 women aged 15 to 19 gets pregnant every year (NDHS, 2017). De Vera, P. (2020b). Before the pandemic, state universities and colleges were to begin an August term. Online learning might be in terms of synchronous, real-time lectures and time-based outcomes assessments, or asynchronous, delayed-time activities, like pre-recorded video lectures and time-independent assessments (Oztok et al., 2013). In July 2020, DLSU adopted an alternate mode of education that is technology-enabled dubbed Lasallians Remote and Engaged Approach for Connectivity in Higher Education (R.E.A.C.H). Moving forward, the Philippines needs a clear set of policies and guidelines based on an innovative educational framework. Meanwhile, UST through its learning management platform, UST Cloud Campus implemented an Enriched Virtual Mode (EVR) that combines both online (synchronous and asynchronous) and offline strategies to ensure accessibility and flexibility in learning. Daniel, J. Recognizing that they are presented with a unique opportunity to work together and enhance digital teaching and learning, the delegates started working out plans to implement online education long-term and not simply as a response to COVID-19. Is COVID-19 an Opportunity to Strengthen Online Teaching?. Copyright © The Manila Times – All Rights Reserved. Making Sense of Flexibility as a Defining Element of Online Learning. ADL combines three different modes of delivery: (1) online, and, whenever possible, (2) blended, and (3) face-to-face; and offers uniquely designed courses that suit faculty style and respond to learner’s needs and contexts. One is the DepEd Commons accessible on Globe or TM-powered smartphones free of data charges and which is also accessible to private schools students. Improving the quality of education in the country is still critical and as 2019’s results highlight, the Philippines needs to continue working on this. Commission on Higher Education (2020). Kumon Posted at Jan 20 08:52 AM. Educ. Bangkok: National News Bureau of Thailand. You have probably heard of college educational plans (and perhaps some fiascos in the past) and you’re wondering how it works and if it’s even worth it to get one for your child. doi: 10.1007/s10734-004-0040-40. These policies include modified forms of online learning that aim to facilitate student learning activities. This education profile describes recent trends in Philippine education and student mobility and provides an overview of the structure of the education system in the Philippines. As a consequence, more than a billion learners have been affected worldwide. Schools Gear Up To Reopen Nationally. Ali, W. (2020). Without implementing rules and regulations, however, private HEIs are left to make their own policies. Universities on a non-semester schedule may have to adjust to what the official schedule would be the next SY, that is, if the national ministering bodies (the Department of Education or DepEd and the Commission on Higher Education or CHEd) will set strictly a school’s term format. High. SPADA supports LMS across all tertiary education hosting online lectures and course materials made freely available to students. Parrocha, A. A survey of 1,045 students found that a majority of students who responded, 53.7%, cited concerns about online learning due to poor streaming, limitation in network quota and reception. QS WOWNEWS. Going the distance with online education. Education Resilience and Learning Continuity Plan. 2020 Accepted: 25 May 2020 INTRODUCTION One of the most recent public health emergencies of global concern is the recent COVID-19 pandemic, which started in China and almost Educ. (2007). So, in conjunction with our partners we are bringing EduTECH Philippines 2021 to you virtually.. Over two days we’ll be broadcasting over 40 presentations and live panel debates from leading educators and edtech innovators from across the Philippines. While distance education has been around in the country for years, it is an entirely new concept for many people, which is why it has been met with skepticism, said Melinda Bandalaria, chancellor of the University of the Philippines Open University (UPOU). Since there is a lack of human interaction in the learning process, students may learn less in such a set-up as opposed to those in the traditional classroom (Edge and Loegering, 2000; Gamage et al., 2020). doi: 10.1080/01587910802004837, Bandalaria, M. D. P. (2019). Pasig City, PH: DepEd. Some have suggested using cell phones and (SMS) texting technology to facilitate learning (Flores, 2018). High. All online academic tools and materials are organized and made accessible via the university’s learning management system (LMS), AnimoSpace (De La Salle University, 2020b). 10:94. doi: 10.3991/ijep.v10i2.11886, Guri-Rosenblit, S. (2005). – In this article, we are going to give you an example essay regarding education amidst the pandemic. To curb the spread of COVID-19, most governments have opted to employ quarantine protocols and temporarily shut down their educational institutions. Jones, N. (2019). The Philippines does not have a national policy dealing directly with online platforms such as Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), Open Distance e-learning (ODel), and Open Educational Resources (OERs). WHAT HAPPENS TO EDUCATION? Coping with Challenges and Learning during the Enhanced Community Quarantine Period. K to 12 Basic Education Program; From 10 years Basic Education Program, it was changed to 12 years. San Francisco, CA: Asian Foundation. TienPhong News. B. Chatuchak: Siam Commercial Bank. 28, 522–533. Paris: UNESCO. Microsoft (2020a). 10 Online Learning Platforms for Teenagers and Young People to Develop Their Skills during COVID-19. Mahidol University and SCB Team up for ‘New Normal’ on-Line ‘Study Anywhere’ Virtual Classroom for Academic Year 2020. These and more compose the new normal. Gamage, D., Perera, I., and Fernando, S. (2020). Read on and find out what you need to know about educational plans in the Philippines as well as the options available to you. Quezon City, PH: Ateneo de Manila University. New York, NY: Unicef. Available online at: (accessed October 6, 2020). Articles, Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies, Philippines. Chulalongkorn University (2020). Training in using teaching and learning platforms will be available for both teachers and students. Because of the Covid-19 movement restrictions, “the DepEd has been encouraging students to continue their learning online.”
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